This morning I got an email from our group manager asking about a UNIX server out at one of the districts:
Date: Thu, 27 Jan 2011 14:14:49 From: "UNIX Manager" To: UNIX_SA_GROUP Subject: Milky Way District UNIX Server Someone take a look into whats going on with Milky Way District UNIX Server today. The server is up but is acting really strange, I was not able to get a response from ps or ptree commands. Please note, there was not any server consolidation work at this site last night. -- A. Manager Enterprise Unix & Storage Systems Manager Spacely Sprockets, Inc.
So I logged in expecting a mundane failure:
workstation$ ssh milkyway1 milkyway1$ ps -eaf UID PID PPID C STIME TTY TIME CMD root 0 0 0 Dec 08 ? 0:45 sched root 1 0 0 Dec 08 ? 72:15 /sbin/init root 2 0 0 Dec 08 ? 0:00 pageout root 3 0 0 Dec 08 ? 5514:24 fsflush root 59 1 0 Dec 08 ? 0:00 /lib/svc/method/iscsid root 7 1 0 Dec 08 ? 1:48 /lib/svc/bin/svc.startd root 9 1 0 Dec 08 ? 3:13 /lib/svc/bin/svc.configd root 149 1 0 Dec 08 ? 0:04 devfsadmd daemon 168 1 0 Dec 08 ? 73:17 /usr/lib/crypto/kcfd ^C ^C ~.
So far, so good. It does indeed appear to be broken. It probably can't talk to its LDAP server or something silly. I check "nsswitch.conf" and the only thing configured for "ldap" is "sudoers" and "netgroup". Suspiciously normal.
workstation$ ssh milkyway1 milkyway1$ sudo su - milkyway1$ cd /proc milkyway1$ echo * 0 1 10045 10116 10162 10163 10169 10176 10240 10243 10244 10246 10263 10318 10386 10483 10489... milkyway1$ ls -ln ^C ^C ~.
Hmm. Curiouser and curiouser. Why is my "ls" hanging ? What HAS science done ? Let's take a look at what the kernel thinks about what is going on with that process while it is "hung" (being able to attach a debugger to the running kernel is one of the MOST USEFUL things about Solaris. However it sometimes gets abused, see Why Solaris is Retarded).
workstation$ ssh milkyway1 milkyway1$ sudo su - milkyway1# ls -ln /proc & echo $! 20023 milkyway1# mdb -k > 0t20023::pid2proc 302765d6078 > 302765d6078::walk thread 300e3d5e100 > 300e3d5e100::findstack -v stack pointer for thread 300e3d5e100: 2a10d548d71 [ 000002a10d548d71 cv_wait+0x38() ] 000002a10d548e21 pr_p_lock+0x80(0, 60032d48030, 60032d58600, 300b84af968, ff000000, 18f8218) 000002a10d548ed1 prgetattr+0x2d4(30025ce8240, 2a10d549998, 149, ffffffffffffffef, 300bd1a8da8, 0) 000002a10d548f91 fop_getattr+0x18(30025ce8240, 2a10d549998, 0, 3025fb17d00, 2a10d549ad8, 1362e00) 000002a10d549041 cstat64_32+0x1c(30025ce8240, ffbffb20, 0, 3025fb17d00, 3fff, 3c00) 000002a10d549221 cstatat64_32+0x5c(ffffffffffd19553, 26578, 1000, ffbffb20, 1000, 0) 000002a10d5492e1 syscall_trap32+0xcc(26578, ffbffb20, ffffffffffffffff, 27f68, 6c, 1b) >
Simple enough, it seems to be waiting for a conditional variable (cv_wait()) as part of a mutex lock after a 32-bit process has made a system call (syscall_trap32()) for stat() with the file whose name is stored at 0x26578.
This pointer will probably point to a string that is a filename under "/proc" since that's what I was running "ls" on after all. I'll have to switch to the context of that process to interpret that memory.
> 302765d6078 $p debugger context set to proc 302765d6078 Segmentation Fault milkyway1#
Oh. Well, that wasn't nice. Let's try it another way...
milkyway1# mdb -p 20023 mdb: failed to initialize /lib/libc_db.so.1: libthread_db call failed unexpectedly mdb: warning: debugger will only be able to examine raw LWPs Loading modules: [ ld.so.1 libc.so.1 libavl.so.1 ] > 26578::print -i char* 0x26578 "/proc/26936" >
So my "ls" is hanging because "stat()" is being called on "/proc/26936". What is running with the PID of 26936 ? Hmm... Well, we can't just run "ps" since that will "stat()" that file in "/proc" and hang. The modular debugger to the rescue, again:
milkyway1# echo '::ps -fz' | mdb -k | grep 26936 S PID PPID PGID SID ZONE UID FLAGS ADDR NAME R 26936 26935 26935 26935 3 1000 0x4a014000 00000300b84af968
So that process corresponds to a command with no name (what ?) run by the UID 1000 in the zone 3. Now we know the "who", what about the "what in the world is it doing?" ?
milkyway1# mdb -k Loading modules: [ unix genunix specfs dtrace ufs sd mpt px md ldc ip hook neti sctp arp usba fcp fctl emlxs qlc lofs zfs ssd random crypto fcip logindmux ptm nfs ipc ] > 00000300b84af968::walk thread 3000f654d40 > 3000f654d40::findstack -v stack pointer for thread 3000f654d40: 2a109f38a61 [ 000002a109f38a61 cv_wait+0x38() ] 000002a109f38b11 txg_wait_open+0x54(6003f983d20, 16533a, 0, 6003f983d64, 6003f983d66, 6003f983d18) 000002a109f38bc1 zfs_putapage+0x1e0(6004d6fae40, 5b, 2a109f39570, 2a109f39568, 400, 10a6ac0) 000002a109f38cb1 zfs_putpage+0x1b8(3002836dd40, b7c1a000, 0, 400, 30114c15318, 7000f9c9d80) 000002a109f38d81 fop_putpage+0x1c(3002836dd40, 0, b7c1a000, 400, 30114c15318, 7b262c7c) 000002a109f38e31 zfs_delmap+0x6c(3002836dd40, 0, 10a6800, 30114c15318, b7c1a000, b) 000002a109f38ef1 zfs_shim_delmap+0x3c(3002836dd40, 30114c15318, 1, 1, f, b) 000002a109f38fc1 fop_delmap+0x40(3002836dd40, 30114c15318, 1, f, b7c1a000, b) 000002a109f39091 segvn_unmap+0x180(3017e8a0bd0, fffffffec0000000, b7c1a000, b7c1a000, f, 600439d6b78) 000002a109f39181 as_unmap+0xe4(300ee744d20, 3017e8a0bd0, 300de51bd88, b7c1a000, 1, 1) 000002a109f39231 munmap+0x78(1fff, b7c1a000, 10a6800, 300b84af968, 300b84af968, fffffffec0000000) 000002a109f392e1 syscall_trap+0xac(fffffffec0000000, b7c1a000, 0, 8, 10012c4d0, 10012c460) >
Hmm, well that process ALSO seems to be waiting on a conditional variable in a mutex lock as part of the ZFS kernel module. Maybe they're related ?
I look at the storage available to the zone with the ID of 3 (obtained via "zoneadm list -v") and noticed that the zpool that provides most of the storage to that zone (including it's "/") is 100% full.
I send out an email detailing my findings and someone logs into that zone and cleans a few files up and things magically start working again.